Parental leave or family leave is an employee benefit available in almost all countries.
According to Eileen Appelbaum, the lack of parental leave policies results in many low income families struggling to support themselves financially if both parents are off work.
The effects were also greater in boys which is explained by the fact that many analysts consider boys more vulnerable to stress in early life.Simultaneously, there is a decrease in the percentage of women who find new jobs which falls between 6 and.This is called the semester of contingency.Can be taken at any point within the first eight weeks after the birth of the baby.52 53 Many countries/regions have implement paid parental leave policies for both parents, which promotes gender equality, while a minority of countries, like the United States, only have unpaid maternity leave.60, reference several other citations to this same point,.v., Marit Rønsen and Marianne Sundstrøm 1996; Jutta.134 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Addati,., Cassirer,., Gilchrist,.133 None, plus any share from mother 52 weeks (including paid leave).Joseph, Olivier; Pailhé (2013).
Bristol, United Kingdom: Policy fall bingo preschool Press.
London: Sage a b c Nan Jia, Xiao-yuan Dong Yue-ping Song (2018) Paid Maternity Leave and Breastfeeding in Urban China, Feminist Economics, 24:2, 31-53, DOI:.1080/13545701.2017.1380309 "laws".
As for the latter, longer leave for fathers can motivate mothers to also stay home.
Getting Paid While Taking Time: The Women's Movement and the Development of Paid Family Leave Policies in the United States (Temple UP, 2016 240.
55 His model shows that a policy that provides equal, nontransferable, and well-paid leave for each parent (which no country has at the moment) will best encourage men's and women's equal participation in childcare." The Need for Paid Parental Leave Policy: Adapting to a Changing Workforce Archived t the Wayback Machine." Institute for Women's Policy Research.A b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Addati,., Cassirer,., Gilchrist,."Parliament passes bill to extend maternity leave from 12 to 26 weeks".While gender discrimination is illegal, without some kind of remedy, the neoclassical model would predict "statistical discrimination" against hiring women of child-bearing years.Centre for Families, Work Well-Being, University of Guelph.This latest extension of paid leave aims to increase fertility rates and slow the population aging process.A b c d e f g h i j k l m n Addati,., Cassirer,., Gilchrist,.
Alternatively, these policies could be positive for employers who previously did not offer leave because they were worried about attracting employees who were disproportionately likely to use maternity leave.